DATABASE OF EMPIRICAL EVALUATIONS
Browse the 232 empirical evaluations that contributed to the findings in A Roadmap for Promoting Women's Economic Empowerment by region or topic, or view the full Excel database.
All original abstracts included are drawn directly from the evaluations referenced. Links to access the papers are provided, although the papers may also be available from other Web sources. By providing links to other sites, the United Nations Foundation and the ExxonMobil Foundation do not guarantee, approve, or endorse the information or products available on these sites.
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RECOMMENDED INDICATORS FOR MEASURING WOMEN'S ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT
Recommended Indicators for WEE Final Outcomes
Clicking on each indicator in the tables below will lead to the suggested questionnaire module, and a complete PDF with all questionnaires can be accessed at the bottom of this page.
Recommended Indicators for WEE Intermediate Outcomes
|Outcome||Indicator||Data source||Unit of observation||Use|
|Urban and rural women entrepreneurs|
|Business practices||Adoption of recommended business practices||Survey||Individual||M&E, impact|
|Value of business training||Willingness to pay for general business training||Survey||Individual||Impact|
|Willingness to pay for specialized technical business training||Survey||Individual||Impact|
|Gender roles and norms||Women's decisionmaking role in own business||Survey||Individual||M&E, impact|
|Rural women farmers|
|Agricultural practices||Woman's adoption of recommended agricultural practices||Survey||Individual||M&E, impact|
|Value of access to new/improved agricultural technology||Woman's willingness to pay for access to new or improved agricultural technology||Survey||Individual||Impact|
|Gender roles and norms||Woman's decisionmaking role in her own or family farm||Survey||Individual||M&E, impact|
|Both urban and rural women|
|Technology adoption and effective use||Woman's intensity of mobile phone use||Survey||Individual||M&E, impact|
|Women's self-confidence||Woman's overall self-confidence||Survey||Individual||Impact|
|Woman's willingness to assert herself||Survey||Individual||M&E, impact|
|Woman's willingness to take risk||Survey||Individual||Impact|
|Gender roles and norms||Sharing of housework between spouses/partners||Survey||Household||M&E, impact|
|Participation in community, business or farmer groups||Woman's participation in all types of groups||Survey||Individual||M&E, impact|
|Woman's participation in mainly women's groups||Survey||Individual||M&E, impact|